UGC: University Grants Commission (India)

About UGC
  • History: From Beginning

Higher education in Indian history from ancient Bharat to modern India, has always occupied a place of fame.
In ancient times, Nalanda, Taxila and Vikramsila universities were famous places of higher learning, attracting students not only from all over the country but from remote countries like Korea, China, Burma (now Myanmar), Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), Tibet and Nepal etc.
And even today, India manages one of the biggest superior education systems in the world.

  • Base of present higher education system

The present system of higher education based on Mountstuart Elphinstone's minutes of 1823, which stressed on the need for establishing schools for teaching English and the European sciences.

Later, Lord Macaulay, in his minutes of 1835, advocated "efforts to make natives of the country thoroughly good English scholars".

Sir Charles Wood's Dispatch of 1854, famously known as the ' Magna Carta of English Education in India', recommended creating a properly articulated system of education from the primary school to the university. It sought to encourage indigenous education and planned the formulation of a coherent policy of education.

Subsequently, the universities of Calcutta, Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras were set up in 1857, followed by the University of Allahabad in 1887.

  • Inter-University Board

To promote university activities, by sharing information and cooperation in the field of education, culture, sports and associated areas The Inter-University Board (later known as the Association of Indian Universities) was established in 1925 first time.
The first attempt to formulate a national system of education in India came in 1944, with the Report (Sargeant Report) of the Central Advisory Board of Education on Post War Educational Development in India.

It recommended the formation of a University Grants Committee, which was formed in 1945 to manage the work of the three Central Universities of Aligarh, Banaras and Delhi. In 1947, the Committee was entrusted with the responsibility of dealing with all the then existing Universities.

  • Set up University Education Commission which recommends UGC

Just soon after Independence, in 1948 the University Education Commission was set up under the Chairmanship of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan "to report on Indian university education and suggest improvements and extensions that might be desirable to suit the present and future needs and aspirations of the country".

It recommended that the University Grants Committee be reconstituted on the general model of the University Grants Commission of the United Kingdom with a full-time Chairman and other members to be appointed from amongst educationists of repute.

In 1952, the Union Government decided that all cases pertaining to the allocation of grants-in-aid from public funds to the Central Universities and other Universities and Institutions of higher learning might be referred to the University Grants Commission.
Consequently, the University Grants Commission (UGC) was formally inaugurated by late Shri Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Minister of Education, Natural Resources and Scientific Research on 28 December 1953.

  • Formal Establishment and centralization of UGC

Formally UGC was established only in November 1956 as a statutory body of the Government of India through an Act of Parliament for the coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of university education in India.
In order to ensure effective region-wise coverage throughout the country, the UGC has decentralized its operations by setting up six regional centers at Pune, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, Guwahati and Bangalore.

The head office of the UGC is located at Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg in New Delhi, with two additional bureaus operating from 35, Feroze Shah Road and the South Campus of University of Delhi as well.

UGC Act, 1956
The University Grants Commission Act and Rules & Regulations under the Act, 1956

Download the rules & Regulations of UGC act 1956 by following the links given below...

NOTE :This publication has been printed under the direction and control of UGC and the Govt. of India shall not be deemed responsible for the material reproduced in this copy of the UGC Act, 1956 and Rules and Regulations under the Act, which is strictly meant for official use and shall not be used for commercial purpose.

View UGC Act 1956 Details (Hindi Version)

Mandate / Authorization of UGC (The only grant-giving agency)

UGC is the only grant-giving agency in the country with two responsibilities:
  • Providing funds and
  • Coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education.
 UGC's mandate includes:

  • Promoting and coordinating university education.
  • Determining and maintaining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities.
  • Framing regulations on minimum standards of education.
  • Monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education; disbursing grants to the universities and colleges.
  • Serving as a vital link between the Union and state governments and institutions of higher learning.
  • Advising the Central and State governments on the measures necessary for improvement of university education.

Professional councils of UGC

UGC currently conducts NET for the appointments of teachers in colleges and universities. Since July 2009 UGC made NET qualification mandatory for teaching at Graduation level and at Post Graduation level .
  1. Accreditation for higher learning over Universities under the aegis of UGC is overseen by following sixteen autonomous statutory institutions listed below:
  2. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  3. Distance Education Council (DEC)
  4. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
  5. Bar Council of India (BCI)
  6. National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  7. Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
  8. Medical Council of India (MCI)
  9. Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  10. Indian Nursing Council (INC)
  11. Dental Council of India (DCI)
  12. Central Council of Homoeopathy (CCH)
  13. Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
  14. Rehabilitation Council
  15. National Council for Rural Institutes
  16. State Councils of Higher Education
  17. Council of Architecture

UGC: In Modern View (By Sparking Suggestion)

It was something that Prime Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, said during his speech on the occasion of the initiation of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Golden Jubilee Year on 28 December, 2002 that sparked off the idea of revisiting the old UGC logo.

In his speech, Shri Vajpayee spoke of the need to take a fresh look at the UGC Act, 1956 in the light of the new challenges for the education sector emerging in the twenty-first century.

He also suggested that the Commission could consider changing its name to the `University Education Development Commission”. This name truly captures the changed role of the UGC in recent years.

Traditionally, UGC was entrusted with the task of co-ordination, formulation and maintenance of the standards of university education. To this end, it engaged itself in, among other things, framing regulations on minimum standards of education, determining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities, monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education, disbursing grants to universities and colleges and setting up common facilities, services and programmes for a group of universities in the form of Inter-University Centers

UGC: Contact Info
Mailing Address:
University Grants Commission (UGC)
Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi
Pin:110 002 India


Telephone and Fax:
23232701/23236735/ 23239437/ 23235733/23237721/
23232317/ 23234116/23236351/23230813/ 23232485

UGC reception : 23239627

Fax. Nos.: 23231797 / 23232783 23239659/ 23231814

For more Queries about UGC please Contact at:
Section Queries About Contact No.
CPP-I Information About UGC recognised Colleges. EPABX Nos +Ext:414
CPP-I Information About UGC recognised Central, State, Deemed & Private Universities. EPABX Nos +Ext:339 & +Ext: 314
CPP-II Information About UGC specified Degrees. EPABX Nos +Ext: 317
NET Information About National Eligibility Test (NET) 24113447/24115419
SA Selection & Awards 23219719, 23238897
MRP Information About Major and Minor Research Projects 23238895

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